[lfs-support] LFS-BOOK-7.0:Section 8.3: Linux 3.1 Compilation.
berzerkula at cox.net
Mon Aug 13 13:08:19 PDT 2012
On Aug 13, 2012, at 13:41 PM, Emerson Yesupatham wrote:
> Hi Team,
> I am currently working on Section 8.3 of Book 7.0. Section is about
> Linux 3.1 compilation.
> I am new to kernel compilation from Scratch. Book recommends to do
> the kernel compilation from Scratch, is there any online material
> to go through or I should go through the README present in Linux
> tar ball?
> I spent sometime to figure out the options shown in make menuconfig
> GUI but it was difficul to understand each and every options.
> I also copied .config (/usr/src/kernels/
> 22.214.171.124-45.fc14.i686/.config) from host system and gave "make
> menuconfig" but it was asking for so many questions one-by-one in
> the command line.
> Not sure whether I should give "make oldconfig" in this scenario
> ( that is copying .config from host PC). I went through the README
> and found there is something called "allyesconfig", can I try that?
> Kindly suggest.
> My Host PC details:
> [root at cag73 ~]# cat /proc/version
> Linux version 126.96.36.199-45.fc14.i686
> (mockbuild at x86-16.phx2.fedoraproject.org) (gcc version 4.5.1
> 20100924 (Red Hat 4.5.1-4) (GCC) ) #1 SMP Mon Oct 18 23:56:17 UTC 2010
> [root at cag73 ~]# uname -a
> Linux cag73 188.8.131.52-45.fc14.i686 #1 SMP Mon Oct 18 23:56:17 UTC
> 2010 i686 i686 i386 GNU/Linux
Configuration a kernel can be daunting. The best way to start with a
config is use the defconfig:
DO NOT do allyesconfig That will be bad and will most likely keep
your system from booting... it used to in the past, and that's if it
make mrproper < can read help about the different targets by
running: make help>
From there, do not worry about options other than what you need to
get your rootfs mounted.
Make sure these are in your kernel:
- Hard drive controller driver <will be in sata and pata support or
- SCSI block device driver <drivers should automatically select this,
it's in the scsi device driver section this won't matter if your
hard drive is sata or pata when using the sata and pata drivers>
- Filesystem driver <some ext filesystems are disabled, some aren't.
enable the one you used for your LFS filesystem>
That will get your rootfs mounted and you can get into LFS.
The rest of the drivers like graphics, device input, ethernet, sound,
you'll need to find out which devices is with your hardware
(example... ATI radeon graphics, usb mouse/keyboard or some other
input devices, intel hda audio in the sound device drivers section of
Frankly explore the device drivers section and enable what you need
and disable what you don't need. Lots of device drivers are enabled
Once you get a working kernel, then you can start trimming what you
don't need. When you read the help of some drivers, there may be some
text stating whether users should normally say Y or N.
What can really help, especially when the host system you used to
build LFS with has most drivers loaded as modules, is to look through
the list of loaded modules and enable those in your kernel.
Better yet, if you do a kernel config with your running host you used
to build LFS and it has most modules loaded, there is a make target
with the kernel that will configure all local modules into core. It is:
localyesconfig - Update current config converting local mods to core
Then you can move that config to the 3.1 kernel you are building.
With make oldconfig, you should just press enter all the way through
and let it select defaults then go through there and sift out what
you don't need later on.
Many people have different views on how to configure their own
kernel. I'm sure you will get many ideas.
I will leave you with this. Once you get a working kernel, remove
what you do not need. Read through the help for each kernel option if
you don't understand it and select what is suggested Y or N. If no
suggestion is provided, leave it alone until you get more information
about what it does or what it may do if you enable or disable it.
I hope this helps a bit.
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