cleaning up LFS 6 in chapter 6.61

Ken Fuchs kfuchs at
Sun Jan 2 22:13:14 PST 2005

>joe wrote:

>> I've finished building LFS 6.
>> But I'm now outta space.
>> Then I read chapter 6.61, of which tell me to tar /tools
>> before removing it.
>> What package do I have to tar ? and what else to tar ?
>> And while tarring do I have to enter from chroot or from
>> LFS ?

Joel wrote:

>Please don't take offense, but as the book is geared towards 
>intermediate to advanced users, this kind of knowledge is expected to be 
>known. Tar is an archiving tool. It is also worth to note that you don't 
>have to tar up /tools unless you expect to use it again. Unfortunately, 
>tar does not have a manual or info page. You can always type "tar 
>--help" at the command prompt to see a brief overview of its switches.

Tar does have a man page.  An old version of it is appended after my
sig.  It can also be found on the web, if the tar man page on one's
system is not available due to it not being installed, configured, etc.


Ken Fuchs <kfuchs at>


TAR(1)                      Base Utils                     TAR(1)

       tar - The GNU version of the tar archiving utility

       tar  [-]  [A  --catenate --concatenate|c --create|d --diff
       --compare|r  --append|t  --list|u   --update|x   --extract
       --get]   [--atime-preserve]   [-b,   --block-size=N]  [-B,
       --read-full-blocks] [-C,  --directory=DIR]  [--checkpoint]
       [-f,     --file=[HOSTNAME:]F]     [--force-local]     [-F,
       --info-script=F, --new-volume-script=F]  [-G,  --incremen­
       tal] [-g, --listed-incremental=F] [-h, --dereference] [-i,
       --ignore-zeros]       [-j,       --bzip2,       --bunzip2]
       [--ignore-failed-read]    [-k,    --keep-old-files]   [-K,
       --starting-file=F]    [-l,     --one-file-system]     [-L,
       --tape-length=N]     [-m,     --modification-time]    [-M,
       --multi-volume] [-N, --after-date=DATE, --newer=DATE] [-o,
       --old-archive,   --portability]   [-O,  --to-stdout]  [-p,
       --same-permissions, --preserve-permissions]  [-P,  --abso­
       lute-paths]     [--preserve]     [-R,     --record-number]
       [--remove-files]  [-s,   --same-order,   --preserve-order]
       [--same-owner]   [-S,   --sparse]   [-T,   --files-from=F]
       [--null] [--totals]  [-v,  --verbose]  [-V,  --label=NAME]
       [--version]   [-w,   --interactive,  --confirmation]  [-W,
       --verify] [--exclude=FILE] [-X, --exclude-from=FILE]  [-Z,
       --compress,    --uncompress]    [-z,   --gzip,   --ungzip]
       [--use-compress-program=PROG]           [--block-compress]

       filename1 [ filename2, ... filenameN ]

       directory1 [ directory2, ... directoryN ]

       This  manual  page  documents  the  GNU version of tar, an
       archiving program designed to store and extract files from
       an archive file known as a tarfile.  A tarfile may be made
       on a tape drive, however, it is also  common  to  write  a
       tarfile  to a normal file.  The first argument to tar must
       be one of the options: Acdrtux, followed by  any  optional
       functions.   The  final  arguments to tar are the names of
       the files or directories which should be archived. The use
       of a directory name always implies that the subdirectories
       below should be included in the archive.

       One of the following options must be used:

       -A, --catenate, --concatenate
              append tar files to an archive

       -c, --create
              create a new archive

       -d, --diff, --compare
              find differences between archive and file system

              delete from the archive (not for use on mag tapes!)

       -r, --append
              append files to the end of an archive

       -t, --list
              list the contents of an archive

       -u, --update
              only  append  files  that  are  newer  than copy in

       -x, --extract, --get
              extract files from an archive

              don't change access times on dumped files

       -b, --block-size=N
              block size of Nx512 bytes (default N=20)

       -B, --read-full-blocks
              reblock as we read (for reading 4.2BSD pipes)

       -C, --directory=DIR
              change to directory DIR

              print directory names while reading the archive

       -f, --file=[HOSTNAME:]F
              use archive file or device F (default /dev/rmt0)

              archive file is local even if has a colon

       -F, --info-script=F, --new-volume-script=F
              run script at end of each tape (implies -M)

       -G, --incremental
              create/list/extract  old   GNU-format   incremental

       -g, --listed-incremental=F
              create/list/extract   new   GNU-format  incremental

       -h, --dereference
              don't dump symlinks; dump the files they point to

       -i, --ignore-zeros
              ignore blocks of zeros in  archive  (normally  mean

       -j, --bzip2, --bunzip2
              filter the archive through bzip2

              don't exit with non-zero status on unreadable files

       -k, --keep-old-files
              keep existing  files;  don't  overwrite  them  from

       -K, --starting-file=F
              begin at file F in the archive

       -l, --one-file-system
              stay in local file system when creating an archive

       -L, --tape-length=N
              change tapes after writing N*1024 bytes

       -m, --modification-time
              don't extract file modified time

       -M, --multi-volume
              create/list/extract multi-volume archive

       -N, --after-date=DATE, --newer=DATE
              only store files newer than DATE

       -o, --old-archive, --portability
              write a V7 format archive, rather than ANSI format

       -O, --to-stdout
              extract files to standard output

       -p, --same-permissions, --preserve-permissions
              extract all protection information

       -P, --absolute-paths
              don't strip leading `/'s from file names

              like -p -s

       -R, --record-number
              show record number within archive with each message

              remove files after adding them to the archive

       -s, --same-order, --preserve-order
              list of names to extract is sorted to match archive

              create extracted files with the same ownership

       -S, --sparse
              handle sparse files efficiently

       -T, --files-from=F
              get names to extract or create from file F

       --null -T reads null-terminated names, disable -C

              print total bytes written with --create

       -v, --verbose
              verbosely list files processed

       -V, --label=NAME
              create archive with volume name NAME

              print tar program version number

       -w, --interactive, --confirmation
              ask for confirmation for every action

       -W, --verify
              attempt to verify the archive after writing it

              exclude file FILE

       -X, --exclude-from=FILE
              exclude files listed in FILE

       -Z, --compress, --uncompress
              filter the archive through compress

       -z, --gzip, --ungzip
              filter the archive through gzip

              filter  the archive through PROG (which must accept

              block the output of compression program for tapes

              specify drive and density

       The GNU folks, in general, abhor  man  pages,  and  create
       info  documents instead.  The maintainer of tar falls into
       this category.  This man page  is  neither  complete,  nor
       current, and was included in the Debian Linux packaging of
       tar entirely to reduce the frequency with which  the  lack
       of  a man page gets reported as a bug in our defect track­
       ing system.

       If you really want to understand tar, then you should  run
       info  and read the tar info pages, or use the info mode in

Version 1.13.18          14 December 2000                  TAR(1)

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