Gnome hint...

RoryO roryo at roryo.dynup.net
Wed Aug 8 21:27:40 PDT 2001


Hiya guys,

mca and I have finally released the gnome hint, attached is a copy for your 
viewing pleasure  ;)

Our next project is to convert it into an xml format, it is a lot easier to 
maintain that way, but please add it to the book in its current form if you 
can accomidate it.   It is quite large, 23+KB so i hope for shadowfax's sake  
there are not too many ppl susbscribed to the list...

Anyway, thats it for now...

Chris
-------------- next part --------------
ID    $Id: gnome.txt,v 1.4 2001/08/08 08:53:51 roryo Exp $

GENERAL OUTLINE
===============

TITLE:		GNOME
LFS VERSION:	Latest 3.0-preX (gcc 3.0 will NOT work)
AUTHOR:		roryo and mca <gnomeATlinuxfromscratchDOTorg>

SYNOPSIS:
	From LFS to gnucash.

HINT:

First things first
==================

The developers of the assorted gnome applications are churning new releases 
out at a rate for about 10 per week, it is therefore recommended that you get
the latest version of this hint and the new patches.  These are available via
anonymous CVS at roryo.dynup.net.

cvs -d:pserver:anonymous at roryo.dynup.net:/home/cvsroot login

Press <return> at the password prompt.

cvs -d:pserver:anonymous at roryo.dynup.net:/home/cvsroot co gnome-hint

This hint has proven quite stable for us, but your mileage will vary.  Consider
this hint somewhat pre-alpha for now.  By using this hint, you agree to
provide us with any and all information concerning build failures, runtime
failures, and/or any other "feedback" you feel we need.  We want to know.  You
can either email us at the address above or find us on irc.linuxfromscratch.org,
whichever you prefer.

We have created a wget list for all of the packages covered in this hint.  It
is available at http://www2.linuxfromscratch.org/gnome/wget.list and is quite
current (well, usually).  Save this list wherever you want, cd into the
directory you'd like to save these packages, and run the following:

    wget -ci /path/to/wget.list

Now sit and wait.  ;)

The URLs are listed in the order they appear in this hint, so you should be
able to start compiling as soon as the first file finishes.


Pre-build instructions
**********************

    The build instructions (and a few of the patches) in this hint rely on the
    following procedures.  This is not optional.

    $GNOME_ROOT, the prefix in which gnome will be installed, is completely up
    to you.

      (this assumes you are using bash/sh)

      export GNOME_ROOT=/opt/GNOME
      export PATH=$PATH:$GNOME_ROOT/bin
      echo $GNOME_ROOT/lib >> /etc/ld.so.conf

      export GNOME_OPTS="--prefix=$GNOME_ROOT --with-gnu-ld --disable-static"
      alias gcfg='./configure $GNOME_OPTS'

    If you wish, you can add --disable-nls to the above $GNOME_OPTS.  This will
    prevent the international messages (.po files) from being installed, and will
    save quite a bit of space.  Some packages' configure script will fail with an
    error about not finding intl/libgettext.h.  If so, apply the intl.diff
    included in the patch tarball.

    Assuming you used the wget list, you should have a patches-GNOME.tar.bz2.
    If not, grab it from:
        http://www2.linuxfromscratch.org/gnome/patches-GNOME.tar.bz2

    Unpack (tar yxvf) this file and it will create a patches/ directory.  In
    this directory, the patches are named <package>-<version>.diff.  They are
    probably quite version specific.  The *.wtf files are brief explanations
    of what and why the patch was needed.

    To apply:
        unpack <package>-<version>.tar.gz
        patch -p0 -i /path/to/<package>-<version>.diff

    These patches are created from outside the source tree, so you may have to
    play with -p options depending on where you are.



Miscellaneous Notes
===================

    * New packages

        If a new version of any package in this hint is available, please use
        it.  We will attempt to keep this hint as current as possible, but we
        may fail.  If a new package is available and is causing problems, we
        will make a note of it.  Also, if you don't mind, drop us an email
        about the new package, and whether or not our build instructions were
        ok with it.

        WARNING:  They are leaking a few pre-2.0-alpha packages, most notably
                  control-center.  We are not using these yet as they rely on
                  unstable glib/gtk+ versions.  Anything requiring pkg-config
                  should be ignored for now.

    * FHS Compliance

        This hint is entirely (?) FHS (www.pathname.com/fhs/) compliant.
        You are by no means bound to these instructions, but we cannot
        guarantee the same results if you do stray.

        GNOME is quite large and scattered.  Choosing /usr as the
        $GNOME_PREFIX above will be a very messy decision.

    * Compiler Optimizations

        If you don't know what these are, you'll be better off ignoring this.
        The large majority of these packages will honor the $CFLAGS variable.
        Those that don't (off the top of my head) are libpng, openssl, libdb,
        and python.  There were some others, but they had to be patched for
        other reasons so that 'feature' was added.  If you have problems with
        any packages at runtime, please recompile it without *any*
        optimizations before telling us about it.

    * Symlinks

        These symlinks are here to provide other applications easy access to
        the package's libraries and headers.  This saves us (and you) much
        time and effort in hacking Makefiles and such in an attempt to find
        them.  If you don't follow the symlinking instructions, you are on
        your own with the detection of these packages by others.

    * Objective C

        Several GNOME packages/applications can make use of the objective C
        compiler, if available.  Some packages will fail if you don't install
        the proper packages to make use of it, others will fail because you
        don't have it.  It is not required in any way.

        To install the objc compiler, follow the directions for GCC in the
        shared section of the LFS book (chapter 6, as of 3.0).  Make the
        following change:
            Instead of:  --enable-languages=c,c++
            Use:  --enable-languages=c,c++,objc

        Install gcc per the instructions and continue your quest.

    * TODO - Known bugs/issues

        *  Add dependency notes.  GnuCash is a good example.  If you wish to
           skip it, you can skip at least three other packages too.

        *  The default session is ugly.  We (or someone) need to replace it
           with something better.

        *  We need to create a list of what you miss out on by not having an
           objc compiler.

        *  Rid of the MISSING's.

        *  Esound is a piece of crap and needs rewritten/replaced.



Software installation
=====================


Prerequisites not covered here
******************************

    In addition to a base LFS system, you will need the following:

        X11:  http://www.xfree86.org/
        zlib: ftp://ftp.uu.net/graphics/png/src

    See the X11 hint for their installation.


Pre-GNOME packages
******************

Berzerkeley DB: (3.3.11 specific)
    UCB's database library.
        cd build_unix/
        ../dist/configure \
          --prefix=/usr \
          --enable-compat185 \
          --enable-static \
          --enable-shared
        make docdir=/usr/doc/Berkeley-DB all install
        cd /usr/lib/ && ln -s libdb-3.3.a libdb.a
        sed 's/^DB185/DB/' /usr/include/db_185.h > /usr/include/db_185.h.new
        mv /usr/include/db_185.h.new /usr/include/db_185.h

readline:
    GNU readline.  Command line history and editing.
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr
        make all install
        cd shlib/
        make all install

bc:
    GNU calculator.
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr \
          --with-readline
        sed 's|\(^_PR.*readline.*$\)|/* \1 */|' bc/scan.l > new-scan.l &&
        mv new-scan.l bc/scan.l
        make all install

openssl:
    Open source SSL library.

    *** See FHS note!
    *** See symlink note!

        export OPENSSL_ROOT=/opt/OpenSSL
        ./config \
          --prefix=$OPENSSL_ROOT \
          --openssldir=$OPENSSL_ROOT \
          shared
        make && make install
        cd /usr/lib
        for file in lib{crypto,ssl}.{a,so.0.9.6}
        do
            ln -s $OPENSSL_ROOT/lib/$file
        done
        ln -s libcrypto.so.0.9.6 libcrypto.so.0
        ln -s libssl.so.0.9.6 libssl.so.0
        ln -s libcrypto.so.0 libcrypto.so
        ln -s libssl.so.0 libssl.so
        cd /usr/include &&
        ln -s $OPENSSL_ROOT/include/openssl
        unset OPENSSL_ROOT

Python: (optional)
    The Python interpreted programming language.

        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr \
          --with-threads
        make all install

    *** FHS note - if installed anywhere else a symlink must be made from
        the python binary to /usr/bin/python eg
        ln -s <path-to-python> /usr/bin/python

PostGreSQL: (optional)
    The most advanced open source SQL server.
    You should probably read the documentation, but this is how I like it.

    *** See FHS note!
    *** See symlink note!

        export PGSQL_ROOT=/opt/PostGreSQL
        ./configure \
          --prefix=$PGSQL_ROOT \
          --with-ssl=/usr \
          --disable-static
        make all install
        cd /usr/lib
        for file in lib{pq,pgeasy}.so.2.1; do
            ln -s $PGSQL_ROOT/lib/$file
        done
        ln -s libpq.so.2.1 libpq.so.2
        ln -s libpgeasy.so.2.1 libpgeasy.so.2
        ln -s libpq.so.2 libpq.so
        ln -s libpgeasy.so.2 libpgeasy.so
        cd /usr/include &&
        ln -s $PGSQL_ROOT/include/postgresql
        unset PGSQL_ROOT

MySQL: (optional)
    A fast open source SQL server.
    You should probably read the documentation, but this is how I like it.

    *** See FHS note!
    *** See symlink note!

        export MYSQL_ROOT=/opt/MySQL
        ./configure \
          --prefix=$MYSQL_ROOT \
          --disable-static \
          --enable-thread-safe-client \
          --without-debug \
          --without-docs \
          --without-bench \
          --without-readline \
          --with-berkeley-db=./bdb
        make all install
        cd /usr/lib &&
        ln -s $MYSQL_ROOT/lib/libmysqlclient.so.10.0.0 &&
        ln -s libmysqlclient.so.10.0.0 libmysqlclient.so.10 &&
        ln -s libmysqlclient.so.10 libmysqlclient.so
        cd /usr/include &&
        ln -s $MYSQL_ROOT/include/mysql
        unset MYSQL_ROOT

libjpeg:
    Library for accessing jpeg images.
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr \
          --enable-shared
        make && make install

libpng:
    Library for accessing png images.
        cp scripts/makefile.linux Makefile
        make ZLIBINC=/usr ZLIBLIB=/usr prefix=/usr all install

libungif:
    Library for accessing gif images.
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr
        make all install

libtiff:
    Library for accessing tiff images.
        Apply the patch
        ./configure
        make all install
        (optionally) make install.man

lcms:
    Color correction/management library. 
        Apply the patch
        cd src/
        make all install

libmng:
    Library for accessing mng (animated) images.
    mng is the Open Source alternative to animated gifs
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr \
          --with-zlib=/usr \
          --with-jpeg=/usr \
          --with-lcms=/usr
        make all install

libiconv:
    An iconv() implementation that properly supports UTF-*.
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr \
          --enable-static \
          --enable-shared
        make all install

glib:
    An extension library to glibc.
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr/X11R6 \
          --enable-threads \
          --enable-debug=no
        make all install

    NOTE:  If you don't like the above prefix, feel free to change it.  glib
           has nothing to do with X, and probably doesn't belong where we put
           it.  Everything that depends upon it will have no trouble locating
           it as long as it's prefix/bin is in your $PATH, and the prefix/lib
           is in your /etc/ld.so.conf.

GTK+:
    The Gimp Toolkit.. an X11 widget library.
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr/X11R6 \
          --enable-debug=no
        make all install

ORBit:
    A CORBA implementation.
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr/X11R6
        make all install

libxml:
    The gnome-xml library.
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr/X11R6 \
          --with-zlib=/usr \
          --with-buffers
        make all install

libxml2:
    The xml library.
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr/X11R6 \
          --with-zlib=/usr \
          --with-readline=/usr \
          --with-buffers
        make all install

GhostScript:
    The GhostScript package.  Used for post-script and network printing.

        Apply the patch
        cd ghostscript-6.51
        tar zxvf <path-to-jpeg6bsrc.tar.gz>
        mv jpeg-6b jpeg
        ln -s src/unix-gcc.mak Makefile
        make 
        make install

    If you are using glibc 2.2.2 or higher, this build will fail.  Edit
    src/time_.h, insert #include <time.h> on line 35.

GhostScript Fonts:
    GhostScript Fonts.
        cd /usr/X11R6/share/ghostscript
        tar zxvf <path-to-gnu-gs-fonts.std-6.0.tar.gz>

    This will create the fonts directory, there are other GhostScript fonts available if
    you feel so inclined.

ImageMagick:
    Provides many useful image manipulation functions, plus a few handy
    executables.
        sed \
          's/-lxml2/-lxml2 -liconv/g' \
          configure > configure~
        sed \
          's|<lcms.h>|<lcms/lcms.h>|g' \
          configure~ > configure
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr/X11R6 \
          --enable-shared \
          --disable-static \
          --without-perl \
          --with-ttf-fontpath=/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/fonts/TrueType
        make all install

    NOTE: if you have the TrueType fonts installed in a different
	      path you will have to changes the --with--ttf-fontpath.

imlib:
    Library providing access to all of the above image formats.
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr/X11R6 \
          --disable-static
        make all install

audiofile:
    Library providing access to several different audio formats.
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr/X11R6 \
          --disable-static
        make all install

esound:
    The enlightened sound daemon.
        Apply the patch
        ./configure \
          --prefix=/usr/X11R6 \
          --disable-static 
        make all install

gtk-engines:
    GTK+ themes and theme libraries.
        ./configure --prefix=/usr/X11R6
        make all install


GNOME core packages
*******************
    MISSING:  mc/nautilus

popt:
    Red hat's getopt()-ish replacement.
        gcfg --enable-static
        make all install

libunicode:
    Gnome's Unicode interface.
        gcfg
        make all install

gnome-libs:
    The core GNOME libraries.
        Apply the patch
        gcfg
        make all install

gdk-pixbuf:
    The gtk+ pixbuf library.
        gcfg
        make all install

oaf:
    Object Activation Framework for GNOME.
        Apply the patch
        gcfg --enable-oaf-debug=no
        make all install

libghttp:
    Library for speaking the http protocol.
        gcfg
        make all install

scrollkeeper:
    Scrollkeeper Open Documentation Cataloging System.
        sed 's|=lib/scrollkeeper|=scrollkeeper|g' configure > configure~
        cp configure~ configure
        gcfg
        make all install

gnome-print:
    GNOME print library.
        gcfg --with-zlib=/usr
        make all install

bonobo:
    GNOME component and compound document system.
        gcfg
        make all install

guile:
    GNU scheme implementation.
        Apply the patch
        gcfg --with-threads
        make all install

slib:
    Scheme library extension.
        make prefix=$GNOME_ROOT
        make prefix=$GNOME_ROOT install
        GUILE_LOAD_PATH=$GNOME_ROOT/share/guile/slib \
        guile -c "(use-modules (ice-9 slib)) (require 'new-catalog)"

GConf:
    A configuration database system.
        Apply the patch
        gcfg --enable-debug=no
        make all install
        mv $GNOME_ROOT/etc/gconf/1/path.example $GNOME_ROOT/etc/gconf/1/path

gnome-vfs:
    GNOME virtual file system.
        Apply the patch
        gcfg
        make all install

control-center:
    GNOME configuration tool.
        gcfg
        make all install

libglade:
    Library for loading glade interface files at runtime.
        gcfg --enable-bonobo --disable-bonobotest
        make all install

pygtk:
    GTK+ python bindings.
        ./configure --prefix=/usr
        make all install

gal:
    GNOME Application library.
        gcfg
        make all install

w3c-libwww:
    w3c's www-ish libraries.
        Apply the patch
        gcfg \
          --with-zlib \
          --with-md5 \
          --with-ssl
        make all install

glibwww:
    Glib extension for access to w3c-libwww
        gcfg
        make all install

gtkhtml:
    An html parsing library.
        Apply the patch
        gcfg \
          --with-bonobo \
          --without-gconf
        make all install

libgtop:
    Library for accessing /proc.

    (If build fails because of ISDN_MAX_CHANNELS, add #define
    ISDN_MAX_CHANNELS 64 to the .c file that failed and recompile.
    This is a kernel issue.  2.4.6 has fixed it.)

        gcfg
        make all install

gmp:
    GNU's precision math library.
         gcfg
         make all install

gdbm:
    GNU's dbm replacement library.
        gcfg
        make BINOWN=root BINGRP=root all install

librep:
    Lisp implementation.
        Apply the patch.
        gcfg --with-readline
        make all install

rep-gtk:
    Lisp bindings for GTK+.
        gcfg \
          --with-libglade \
          --with-gdk-pixbuf \
          --with-gnome-canvas-pixbuf
        make all install

gob:
    GTK+ Object Builder.
        gcfg
        make all install

libxslt:
    XSLT support for libxml.
        gcfg
        make all install

libgda:
    Library to interface SQL servers.
        sed 's/libmysqlclient.a/libmysqlclient.so/g' configure > conf.new
        sed 's/\(ORB.*\)which\(.*\)/\1type -p\2/' conf.new > configure
        gcfg \
          --with-mysql=/opt/MySQL \
          --with-postgres=/opt/PostGreSQL
        make all install

sawfish:
    The Sawfish window manager.
        gcfg \
          --with-gdk-pixbuf \
          --disable-linguas
        make all install
        cp Sawfish.desktop $GNOME_ROOT/share/gnome/wm-properties/

gnome-core:
    Core GNOME applications.
        Apply the patch
        gcfg \
          --with-window-manager=sawfish \
          --enable-gtkhtml-help
        make all install

gnome-common:
    Autoconf/make files for GNOME.
        gcfg
        make all install

gnome-objc: (optional)

    *** See the OBJC note

    Objective C bindings for GNOME.
        gcfg
        make all install

gnome-admin:
    Administration utilities.
        gcfg --with-messages=/var/log/sys.log
        make all install

gnome-applets:
    Many different GNOME applets.
        gcfg
        make all install

gnome-audio:
    Sounds.
        make install

gnome-python: (optional)
    Python binding for GNOME
        gcfg --with-gtkhtml
        make all install

gnome-games:
    Games!
        gcfg
        make all install

gnome-media:
    Multimedia applications.
        gcfg
        make all install

gnome-network:
    Network applications/utilities.
        If you don't have objc (see note), apply the patch.
        gcfg
        make all install

gnome-pim:
    Personal information manager for GNOME.
        gcfg
        make all install

gnome-utils:
    Several miscellaneous utilities.
        Apply the patch
        gcfg --with-messages=/var/log/sys.log
        make all install

xscreensaver:
    Screensavers!
        gcfg \
          --with-gtk \
          --with-gnome \
          --enable-subdir=xdemos
        make all install

gnome-user-docs:
    GNOME Documentation.
        gcfg
        make all install

users-guide:
    More GNOME documentation.
        gcfg
        make all install


GNOME applications
******************
  MISSING:  Evolution, Galeon
        
dia:
    Diagram creation application.
        gcfg \
          --enable-gnome \
          --enable-bonobo \
          --enable-debug=no \
          --with-python
        make all install

g-wrap:
    Glib scheme bindings.
        gcfg
        make all install

libole2:
    MS OLE library.
        gcfg
        make all install

gb:
    GNOME-basic.  (Yes, kinda like visual-basic).
        Apply the patch
        gcfg --without-runtime-debug
        make all install

gnumeric:
    GNU Spreadsheet application.
        Apply the patch
        gcfg \
          --with-bonobo \
          --with-guile \
          --with-gb \
          --with-python
        make all install

Guppi:
    Library for creating/drawing graphs and charts.
        gcfg --enable-gnumeric
        make all install

glade:
    A quick GUI IDE.
        gcfg \
          --with-gnome \
          --with-bonobo \
          --disable-gnome-db
        make all install

gnucash:
    GNU money management program.. quite similar to quickbooks and such.
        Apply the patch
        gcfg (add --enable-sql if you have postgres)
        make all install    

abiword:
    GNU Word processor. 
        Apply the patch
        cd abiword/abi/src/
        make \
          prefix=$GNOME_ROOT \
          ABI_OPT_GNOME=1 \
          ABI_OPT_BONOBO=1 \
          OPTIMIZER="$CFLAGS \
            -L/usr/X11R6/lib -I/usr/X11R6/include \
            -L$GNOME_ROOT/lib -I$GNOME_ROOT/include \
            -L/usr/local/lib -I/usr/local/include"
        make install \
          prefix=$GNOME_ROOT \
          ABI_OPT_GNOME=1 \
          ABI_OPT_BONOBO=1 \
          OPTIMIZER="$CFLAGS \
            -L/usr/X11R6/lib -I/usr/X11R6/include \
            -L$GNOME_ROOT/lib -I$GNOME_ROOT/include \
            -L/usr/local/lib -I/usr/local/include"


Other apps
**********

  There are many more gnome applications out there, but most are a fairly
simple build and aren't (yet) covered in this hint.  A few you may wish to
check out are:

    * GTM - Gnome Transfer Manager (a nice little download manager)
    * PAN - Pimp Ass Newsreader
    * Encompass - gtkhtml based browser
    * xChat - the best GUI irc client, 'nuff said
    * gnotepad - gvim owns, but nice for mutilple docs at once
    * Balsa - nice stable GUI mail app, based on Pine
    * xmms - if you dont know what it is, when we give up ;)
    * Pharmacy - Gnome CVS front end
    * Gimp - the root of it all, graphics app, total ownage
    * EOG - Eye of Gnome.. an image viewer
    * GQView - a better gtk+ based image viewer



Frequently Asked Questions
==========================

    Q:  How do I properly start gnome?
    A:  You do one of the following:
            echo gnome-session > ~/.xinitrc
        or, if you wish to enable those annoying little sounds,
            echo gnome-session --enable-sound > ~/.xinitrc

    Q:  I'm trying to build packageXXX from CVS sources, or just regenerate
        its configure script from configure.in, but autoconf bitches about not
        having some other gnome package installed.  WTF?
    A:  Autoconf is dumb and can/will only use one search directory for the
        .m4 files these packages install.  You should probably do the
        following:

            mv $GNOME_PREFIX/share/aclocal/* /usr/share/aclocal/ &&
            rm -r $GNOME_PREFIX/share/aclocal && cd $GNOME_PREFIX/share &&
            ln -s /usr/share/aclocal

    Q:  Am I stupid?
    A:  Obviously, yes.

============
End of hint.




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