Building KDE Frameworks 5 (KF5)

KDE Frameworks 5 is a collection of libraries based on top of Qt5 and QML derived from the monolithic KDE 4 libraries. They can be used independent of the KDE Display Environment (Plasma 5).

This package is known to build and work properly using an LFS-9.0 platform.

The instructions below build all of the KDE Frameworks packages in one step by using a bash script.

Package Information

KF5 Dependencies

Required

Boost-1.70.0, extra-cmake-modules-5.61.0, docbook-xml-4.5, docbook-xsl-1.79.2, giflib-5.2.1, libepoxy-1.5.3, libgcrypt-1.8.4, libjpeg-turbo-2.0.2, libpng-1.6.37, libxslt-1.1.33, lmdb-0.9.24, phonon-4.10.3, shared-mime-info-1.12, URI-1.76, and Wget-1.20.3 (required to download the packages)

Recommended

Optional

BlueZ-5.50 (needed to build Bluez-Qt), ModemManager-1.10.4 (needed to build ModemManager-Qt)

Runtime dependency for FrameworkIntegration

Oxygen fonts and Noto fonts

Runtime dependencies for kapidox

Doxygen-1.8.16, Jinja2-2.10.1, and PyYAML-5.1.2

Additional image formats support in KImageFormats

JasPer-2.0.14 and OpenEXR

Optional dependencies for KIO

MIT Kerberos V5-1.17

Optional dependencies for Solid

UDisks-2.8.4, UPower-0.99.10 and media-player-info (runtime)

Optional dependency for KWallet

gpgmepp

Optional dictionary backends for Sonnet

Hspell and Hunspell

Required dependencies for Prison

Datamatrix and QRencode

User Notes: http://wiki.linuxfromscratch.org/blfs/wiki/kf5

Downloading KDE Frameworks

The easiest way to get the KDE Frameworks packages is to use a single wget to fetch them all at once:

url=http://download.kde.org/stable/frameworks/5.61/
wget -r -nH -nd -A '*.xz' -np $url

The options used here are:
  -r            recurse through child directories
  -nH           disable generation of host-prefixed directories
  -nd           do not create a hierarchy of directories 
  -A '*.xz'     just get the *.xz files
  -np           don't get parent directories

Setting Package Order

The order of building files is important due to internal dependencies. Create the list of files in the proper order as follows:

cat > frameworks-5.61.0.md5 << "EOF"
9ad93d635ed42f46ea5d0ba3d4922431  attica-5.61.0.tar.xz
#2f6f98d6c7cfd0d55eecd7516f415193  extra-cmake-modules-5.61.0.tar.xz
f972bac89585fd6ecbfa60285316ea65  kapidox-5.61.0.tar.xz
d8c20050abd157c665b5a6cd41a70d51  karchive-5.61.0.tar.xz
a0996305dec1ffc5228a2b03b688ba22  kcodecs-5.61.0.tar.xz
5aa453b71070a63837ba2b0e6f199fae  kconfig-5.61.0.tar.xz
b0b128fde7ab143de3f638d063411700  kcoreaddons-5.61.0.tar.xz
3d979f571e2b622e3e5e5cae0742ac0a  kdbusaddons-5.61.0.tar.xz
d89166c11d9d253c93bebf28e7687576  kdnssd-5.61.0.tar.xz
2c4769e8ca0dda1faa4f38484e6d889d  kguiaddons-5.61.0.tar.xz
576b52330b4f520613b1d0e59a28f24c  ki18n-5.61.0.tar.xz
53e175bb8168badcf7621f8fc118dd5e  kidletime-5.61.0.tar.xz
1d2789d6aebf2eb315a151631056b3a6  kimageformats-5.61.0.tar.xz
958f070cc6d0928dbee067ddca301b59  kitemmodels-5.61.0.tar.xz
2ba2ab1e56617c798f359155e44582c6  kitemviews-5.61.0.tar.xz
fe93d2709c8051599af633dda8aabe06  kplotting-5.61.0.tar.xz
706a9a215db46a8e086d63525763ce14  kwidgetsaddons-5.61.0.tar.xz
7f890d4583f0bb3e7f668ea8c8fbfc2d  kwindowsystem-5.61.0.tar.xz
74814129eed17c2611dfdce10369b965  networkmanager-qt-5.61.0.tar.xz
c9236f64de78c54d148270e85cd15a3d  solid-5.61.0.tar.xz
720d552ccb814fe0038342c8425163f2  sonnet-5.61.0.tar.xz
0be971c196d328f766c6c2b60aae0b21  threadweaver-5.61.0.tar.xz
73863244f37c68ff2042fd7039da9480  kauth-5.61.0.tar.xz
39c8b31802d32fe59bc9487a542bdb18  kcompletion-5.61.0.tar.xz
afd0f85ae16277ab081d4cac99ac2d05  kcrash-5.61.0.tar.xz
1857490f170337542bae5cda72f27b85  kdoctools-5.61.0.tar.xz
33b46dcce54439c3b9d05fff2788abad  kpty-5.61.0.tar.xz
5ec7713d7b7d2360903014e628b596bd  kunitconversion-5.61.0.tar.xz
ee1cf04225a7478a94442c9b4ee52224  kconfigwidgets-5.61.0.tar.xz
83a94d40e694cb32dd5ebe4166dc1c7f  kservice-5.61.0.tar.xz
6ebfee9fe099e3250b47ac59d7c624b2  kglobalaccel-5.61.0.tar.xz
84eaf54cdb480a108257772a77296514  kpackage-5.61.0.tar.xz
c471bdb119e220195d8419d5dbe8ee3b  kdesu-5.61.0.tar.xz
3c2c9f857e4f07489c217e22b75ad324  kemoticons-5.61.0.tar.xz
eafb575ee24c3d5856df5d0b5e97ad4e  kiconthemes-5.61.0.tar.xz
fa63977264e16079fd69c694ef61122e  kjobwidgets-5.61.0.tar.xz
a31859ea6498b2c9df2354c12877f0a9  knotifications-5.61.0.tar.xz
0906bd87ee084c95c3bb012d1ad4b68f  ktextwidgets-5.61.0.tar.xz
8c95b1077024b1768ae40b6f906b7c6c  kxmlgui-5.61.0.tar.xz
4f610828fb9aa410fce3f878908bac5b  kbookmarks-5.61.0.tar.xz
45f80f2454ec9cd7f7f7ec0ffc1a56ce  kwallet-5.61.0.tar.xz
884e6d240f179851c247ff498b258f45  kio-5.61.0.tar.xz
a2c5065aec2a192d7cfd978cea09be84  kdeclarative-5.61.0.tar.xz
c9f2b551f32221892d746feb9c6fc7f8  kcmutils-5.61.0.tar.xz
bf7a57a1088076a79e7992ca9be53018  kirigami2-5.61.0.tar.xz
1d2e4149a415d9b621edf03addeae55d  knewstuff-5.61.0.tar.xz
fb69e4769b4958e52213de614f3be5c5  frameworkintegration-5.61.0.tar.xz
f20ed3efe486b9a6b909ac8adf3c6c38  kinit-5.61.0.tar.xz
40689423f1452f9d7e05883cce93a7ec  knotifyconfig-5.61.0.tar.xz
7f01d6ae022e3ae0ea5c77442805394c  kparts-5.61.0.tar.xz
5a3c59535fd778bc8afd95dae121a957  kactivities-5.61.0.tar.xz
671f84a09bc489d863a1734043591ae2  kded-5.61.0.tar.xz
#9075fbe8ca7afcd8ca263dbe41a823b4  kdewebkit-5.61.0.tar.xz
4036e7bcb0c3fb6c5907d0efac365234  syntax-highlighting-5.61.0.tar.xz
07ea86451c4ddbe097d1e87fa161a0d0  ktexteditor-5.61.0.tar.xz
cea06789eb647b75c92f4b6a2f4016ba  kdesignerplugin-5.61.0.tar.xz
fab6a981a5c604d45466bdfce204848f  kwayland-5.61.0.tar.xz
d40534ff8a7f9abd595e2fcb93374472  plasma-framework-5.61.0.tar.xz
#b1854ae5022c5a41533f0dcac2ca2cb9  modemmanager-qt-5.61.0.tar.xz
7861b72a4f4d16f49d9a84f956c20386  kpeople-5.61.0.tar.xz
424f8d787c02dc1c9729171b2c591eb7  kxmlrpcclient-5.61.0.tar.xz
5596cd4e9a134cce689d24887912edfe  bluez-qt-5.61.0.tar.xz
911774517abc301a303e2e429c875d74  kfilemetadata-5.61.0.tar.xz
3ef703414987f2e494eee19d101c34e4  baloo-5.61.0.tar.xz
#bd2441e04540b82849fc3144dcd6dbca  breeze-icons-5.61.0.tar.xz
#a08326c6e10855f47e5f1b63c31f2f0e  oxygen-icons5-5.61.0.tar.xz
f98a2e990aa25b0e56ee0b50f8baf1e8  kactivities-stats-5.61.0.tar.xz
661d9760f81218d7eccd5dda0762e53c  krunner-5.61.0.tar.xz
#af2125c297606f167ce8b9a182e30526  prison-5.61.0.tar.xz
50f3acf3668529a5c77ae4d6edf8b7d7  qqc2-desktop-style-5.61.0.tar.xz
c95e4ec5fb82dc53627ddcddd5b5ec10  kjs-5.61.0.tar.xz
7ee8ec810e00830dfeeb924c1b9242d0  kdelibs4support-5.61.0.tar.xz
fe66740ed0df257c1695eb0abd8ca9ed  khtml-5.61.0.tar.xz
8895a81c6b993e901de031c67a261464  kjsembed-5.61.0.tar.xz
4f6bd8b8a44295e2470fbd73816a8cdc  kmediaplayer-5.61.0.tar.xz
f7d9d1b5089dddafd9a55bdec47d1fbf  kross-5.61.0.tar.xz
591b24c0a31a5b9ba86a73e6cffdf4a9  kholidays-5.61.0.tar.xz
008208928903b40a2fdee3e1fcfa4448  purpose-5.61.0.tar.xz
fd8a4690fb00e3e627554394d948a1f7  syndication-5.61.0.tar.xz
EOF

In the above list, notice that some files have been commented out with a hash (#) character. The extra-cmake-modules entry has been commented out because it was built earlier in the Introduction to KDE. The icon packages are covered separately at breeze-icons-5.61.0 and oxygen-icons5-5.61.0. The modemmanager-qt package may be built if its optional dependency has been installed. The prison package (bar code reader) may be built if the required external libraries are installed. The kdewebkit may be built if the external package QtWebkit has been built.

Installation of KDE Frameworks

[Note]

Note

When installing multiple packages in a script, the installation needs to be done as the root user. There are three general options that can be used to do this:

  1. Run the entire script as the root user (not recommended).

  2. Use the sudo command from the Sudo-1.8.27 package.

  3. Use su -c "command arguments" (quotes required) which will ask for the root password for every iteration of the loop.

One way to handle this situation is to create a short bash function that automatically selects the appropriate method. Once the command is set in the environment, it does not need to be set again.

as_root()
{
  if   [ $EUID = 0 ];        then $*
  elif [ -x /usr/bin/sudo ]; then sudo $*
  else                            su -c \\"$*\\"
  fi
}

export -f as_root
[Caution]

Caution

If installing in /opt and there is an existing /opt/kf5 either as a regular directory or a symbolic link, it should be reinitialized (as root):

mv -v /opt/kf5 /opt/kf5.old                         &&
install -v -dm755           $KF5_PREFIX/{etc,share} &&
ln -sfv /etc/dbus-1         $KF5_PREFIX/etc         &&
ln -sfv /usr/share/dbus-1   $KF5_PREFIX/share

First, start a subshell that will exit on error:

bash -e

Install all of the packages by running the following commands:

while read -r line; do

    # Get the file name, ignoring comments and blank lines
    if $(echo $line | grep -E -q '^ *$|^#' ); then continue; fi
    file=$(echo $line | cut -d" " -f2)

    pkg=$(echo $file|sed 's|^.*/||')          # Remove directory
    packagedir=$(echo $pkg|sed 's|\.tar.*||') # Package directory

    name=$(echo $pkg|sed 's|-5.*$||') # Isolate package name

    tar -xf $file
    pushd $packagedir
   
      # Fix a cmake problem in plasma-framework
      if [ "$name" == "plasma-framework" ]; then
        sed -e '/CMakeFind/i set(SAVE_PACKAGE_PREFIX_DIR "${PACKAGE_PREFIX_DIR}")' \
            -e '/find_dep/a set(PACKAGE_PREFIX_DIR "${SAVE_PACKAGE_PREFIX_DIR}")'  \ 
            -i src/plasmaquick/KF5PlasmaQuickConfig.cmake.in
      fi

      mkdir build
      cd    build

      cmake -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=$KF5_PREFIX \
            -DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=$QT5DIR        \
            -DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release         \
            -DBUILD_TESTING=OFF                \
            -Wno-dev ..
      make
      as_root make install
    popd

  as_root rm -rf $packagedir
  as_root /sbin/ldconfig

done < frameworks-5.61.0.md5

exit
[Note]

Note

Any modules that have been omitted can be installed later by using the same mkdir build; cd build; cmake; make; make install procedure as above.

Sometimes the installation paths are hardcoded into installed files. If the installed directory is not /usr, rename the directory and create a symlink:

mv -v /opt/kf5 /opt/kf5-5.61.0
ln -sfvn kf5-5.61.0 /opt/kf5

Command Explanations

-DCMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=$QT5DIR: This switch is used to allow cmake to find the proper Qt libraries.

-DCMAKE_BUILD_TYPE=Release: This switch is used to apply higher level of the compiler optimizations.

-DBUILD_TESTING=OFF: This switch is used to prevent building test programs and libraries that are of no use to an end user.

Contents

Installed Programs: There are 48 programs installed in /opt/kf5/bin.
Installed Libraries: There are too many kf5 libraries (191) to list separately.
Installed Directories: /opt/kf5 (symlink to /opt/kf5-5.61.0)

Short Descriptions

checkXML5

is a tool to check for syntax errors in KDE DocBook XML files.

depdiagram-generate

is a tool to generate a dependency diagram.

depdiagram-generate-all

is a tool to generate a dependency diagram for all frameworks at once.

depdiagram-prepare

is a tool to prepare dot files.

desktoptojson

is a tool to convert a .desktop file to a .json file.

kactivitymanagerd

is the KDE Plasma Workspace Activity Manager.

kbuildsycoca5

rebuilds the KService desktop file system configuration cache.

kcookiejar5

is a command line interface to the HTTP cookie store used by KDE, a D-BUS service to store/retrieve/clean cookies.

kded5

consolidates several small services in one process.

kdeinit5

is a process launcher somewhat similar to the famous init used for booting UNIX.

kf5-config

is a command line program used to retrieve information about KDE installation or user paths.

kf5kross

executes kross scripts written in KDE Javascript, Python, Ruby, Java and Falcon.

kgenapidox

is a tool to generate API documentation in the KDE style.

kgendesignerplugin

generates widget plugins for Qt(TM) Designer.

kglobalaccel5

is a daemon use to register the key bindings and for getting notified when the action triggered.

kjs5

is KDE ECMAScript/JavaScript engine.

kjscmd5

is a tool for launching KJSEmbed scripts from the command line.

kjsconsole

is a console for kjs5.

kmailservice5

is a mail service.

kpackagelauncherqml

is a commandline tool for launching kpackage QML application

kpackagetool5

is a command line kpackage tool.

kreadconfig5

is a command line tool to retrieve values from KDE configuration files.

kshell5

start applications via kdeinit.

ktelnetservice5

is a telnet service.

ktrash5

is a helper program to handle the KDE trash can.

kwalletd5

is the wallet manager daemon.

kwriteconfig5

is a command line tool to write values in KDE configuration files.

meinproc5

converts DocBook files to HTML.

plasmapkg2

is a tool to install, list, remove Plasma packages

preparetips5

is a script to extract the text from a tips file.

solid-hardware5

is a command line tool to investigate available devices.

Last updated on 2019-08-24 16:43:24 -0500